- Published on 18 November 2016
*This section is part of BE Budget 2015/2016
Total Sub-national Spending on Urban Development
While total spending on Urban Development was 6.6 Bn EGP, three quarters of that spending was for one New City in Cairo; the New Administrative Capital (Table 20). The rest was for urban renewal, slum clearance and upgrading housing and infrastructure in poor urban neighbourhoods and villages in 23 governorates.
Two projects made up 90% of urban development spending in the Existing BE: the Neediest Villages Programme’s infrastructure upgrading scheme accounted for 47% of the urban development budget, while the National Programme to Upgrade Unsafe Areas(Urban Renewal) accounted for 43% of that budget. The rest were spent on so-called comprehensive development projects, mostly in the Red Sea and Sinai.
Table 20: Spending on Urban Development projects by project and administration
|Neediest Villages||Urban Renewal||Comprehensive Urban Dev.||New Administrative Capital||Total||Per Capita|
Sub-National Spending on Urban Renewal
The National Programme to Upgrade Unsafe Areas was the only one of the programmes to be implemented in a large number of governorates, as well as provide sub-national budgets for those governorates. With a national per capita of 8 EGP per person it has the lowest per capita spending of any of the BE programmes. Per capita spending varied greatly between the regions, with the Frontier region’s Red Sea receiving the highest per capita share at 429 EGP per person (fig. 21). This was followed by Wadi al-Gadid at 229 EGP per person. The Canal Zone had the third highest spending, with Port Said receiving 109 EGP per person. In relative terms, spending in Greater Cairo was low, with Cairo receiving 20 EGP per person, even though it received the highest absolute funding of any governorate at 177 Mn EGP. Meanwhile, in Giza spending was one EGP per person. Qalubia received no funding. Only two governorates in the Delta, and four in Upper Egypt, received any funding for upgrading. All were below average except for Beni Sweif.
Fig. 21: Per capita spending on Urban Renewal by governorate